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廣東省潮州市2017屆高三第二次模擬考試英語試題

廣東省潮州市2017屆高三第二次模擬考試
英語試題
第一部分 閱讀理解(由第一、二節組成,滿分40分)
第一節 (共15小題;每小題2分,滿分30分)
閱讀下面短文,從每題所給的A、B、C、和D四個選項中,選出最佳選項。
A
Melbourne, Australia
Melbourne is a hot-spot travel destination, and it’s easy to see its beautiful beaches and busy city life.
Why it’s a great choice: Australia as a whole is considered a safe destination for international travel, and because of that, many solo travelers go there As an English-speaking country, you won’t be faced with any language barriers. Melbourne is easy to get around because you can walk or bike practically anywhere!
Thailand
Thailand is great for solo travelers—perhaps because it is one of the Buddhist mindsets, which promote equality among the sexes.
 Why it’s a great choice: Thailand is known for its friendly atmosphere, and as a travel hot-spot, there are plenty of chances to meet other like-minded travelers. It is well known for being very cheap, especially in the north. It is a good choice if you want to get away on a budget. Thailand has a lot to offer, from the party-central Bangkok to beautiful beaches and tropical(熱帶)jungle.
Hong Kong, China
     Hong Kong is a great place to relax for solo travelers as it is full of “Zen moments, ” such as beautiful gardens and Tai Chi classes.  
     Why it’s a great choice: Hong Kong is regarded as one of the safest cities in the world. If you’re not well-traveled, or perhaps a bit tired of things like language barriers, Hong Kong is a great place to start, as it mixes both Eastern and Western at the same time.
Bali, Indonesia
Bali is a spiritual place with yoga, spas, healthy food and beaches. The combination of friendly people and splendidly visual culture has made Bali Indonesia number one tourist attraction.  
     Why it’s so great: You won’t be the only solo traveler in Bali. Everyone is known for being extremely friendly and you’re sure to meet some amazing characters along the way. As a Hindu island, Bali is the perfect place for a relaxing and spiritual retreat(靜修). The Sacred Monkey Forest in Ubud is fantastic—if you like monkeys, anyway.
1. What do the four places have in common according to the text?
A. They offer good spas and yoga.       B. There’re no language barriers.
C. They’re great for solo travelers.       D. They’re cheap to travel around.
2. Where can you enjoy both convenient transport and beautiful beaches?
A. Melbourne, Australia.   B. Thailand.   C. Hong Kong, China.   D. Bali, Indonesia.
3. What has made Bali Indonesia No. 1 tourist attraction?
A. Yoga, spas, healthy food and beaches.      B. Meeting some amazing characters along the way.
C. Fantastic monkeys in the Sacred Monkey Forest.   D. Friendly people and splendidly visual culture.
B
Andy rode slowly on his way to school, day-dreaming about the fishing trip that his father had promised him. He was so busy dreaming about all the fish he would catch that he was unaware of everything else around him.
He rode along until a strange sound drew him to the present. He came to a stop and looked curiously up to the heavens. What he saw shocked and terrified him. A huge swarm of bees filled the sky like a black cloud and the buzzing mass seemed to be heading angrily towards him.
With no time to waste, Andy sped off in the opposite direction, riding furiously—but without knowing how to escape the swarm. With a rapidly beating heart and his legs pumping furiously, he sped down the rough road. As the bees came closer, his panic increased. Andy knew that he was sensitive to bee stings(蜇). The last sting had landed him in hospital—and that was only one bee sting! He had been forced to stay in bed for two whole days. Suddenly, his father’s words came to him. “When you are in a tight situation, don’t panic. Use your brain and think your way out of it. ”
On a nearby hill, he could see smoke waving slowly skywards from the chimney of the Nelson family home. “Bees don’t like smoke, ” he thought. “They couldn’t get into the house. ” Andy raced towards the Nelson house, but the bees were gaining ground. Andy knew he could not reach the house in time. He estimated that the bees would catch up with him soon.
Suddenly, out of the corner of his eyes, he spotted a small dam used by Mr. Nelson to irrigate his vegetable garden. Off his bike and into the cool water he lived, disappearing below the surface and away from the savage insects. After holding his breath for as long as he could, Andy came up for air and noticed the bees had gone. Dragging himself out of the dam, he struggled up the hilly slope and rang the doorbell. Mrs. Nelson took him inside and rang his mother.
“You’ll really need that fishing break to help you recover, ” laughed his mother with relief. “Thank goodness you didn’t panic!” But Andy did not hear her. He was dreaming once again of the fish he would catch tomorrow.
4. Why did Andy fail to notice the swarm of bees earlier?
A. He was riding to school.      B. He was listening to a strange sound.
C. He was going fishing with his father.    D. He was lost in the thought of the fishing trip.
5. Which of the following is NOT mentioned about the swarm of bees in the passage?
A. They crowded like a black cloud.    B. They shocked and terrified Andy.
C. They tried to attack Andy in a mass.    D. They made Andy stay in hospital for two days.
6. How did Andy avoid the bees in the end?
A. He rode off in the opposite direction.    B. He asked Mr. Nelson for help.
C. He hid himself under the water.     D. He rushed into the Nelson house.
7. Which of the following can best describe Andy’s escape from the bees?
A. No pains, no gains.                   B. In time of danger, one’s mind works fast.
C. Once bitten, twice shy.       D. Where there is a will, there is a way.
C
Lisa Pina never thought she would need the fire safety training she received during her apprenticeship(學徒期) as a union painter and dry waller(筑墻工). On Friday morning, she was thanking God she had it.
On Thursday night, while Pina was babysitting her granddaughter, nephew and two nieces in her sister’s apartment, she smelled smoke and realized the apartment building was on fire. When her 4-¬year-¬old granddaughter Ilean Garcia began saying, “We’re going to die, ”she knew she had to act. Pina, 39, first sealed the door, and then told all four children to get on the floor. After calling 911, she told the children to start singing and promised them all treats as soon as they reached safety. “I said, ‘OK, we’re going to lie down and we’re all going to play a game, ’” Pina said. “We all started singing our ABCs and 123s. I was just trying to make it fun. ” Pina patiently waited, and a few minutes later, Riverside County sheriff’s deputies (治安官的助手) arrived. Pina, Ilean, 8--year-¬old Gabriel Parga, 5-¬year-¬old Aubreyana Parga and 4-¬year-¬old Meriyah Parga were all trapped on the second floor as flames filled the first story. Pina did the only thing she could. She opened the window and dropped the children, one-¬by-¬one, into the arms of the sheriff’s deputies about 15 to 20 feet below. “I just needed to keep the kids calm so they wouldn’t be afraid, ”Pina said. “I was deathly afraid inside,but I couldn’t let them know that. ”Not long after dropping the children out of the window, fire-fighters arrived with a ladder and rescued her. Ten people were treated at the scene for suffering smoke, but nobody was seriously injured.
8. What is the passage mainly about?
A. A big fire without serious injury.     B. An urgent call 911.
C. A brave babysitter.        D. A babysitter rescuing kids from a big fire.
9. What does the underlined word “it” in Paragraph 1 mean?
A. A union painter.   B. A dry waller.   C. The apprenticeship.   D. The fire safety training.
10. What did Lisa Pina do before she called 911,in order to prevent the fire?
A. She let children get on the floor.      B. She opened the windows of the second floor.
C. She had children start singing.      D. She closed the door hard.
11. What do we know according to the passage?
A. The fire didn’t cause any injury.      B. Lisa Pina was the last one to be rescued.
C. The children were sent to hospital after the fire.   D. During the fire Lisa Pina wasn’t afraid at all.
D
Food picked up just a few seconds after being dropped is less likely to contain bacteria than if it is left for longer periods of time, according to the findings of research carried out at Aston University’s School of Life and Health Sciences. The findings suggest there may be some scientific basis of the "5-second rule" — the belief about it being fine to eat food that has only had contact with the floor for five seconds or less. Although people have long followed the ‘5-second rule’, until now it was unclear whether it actually helped.
The study, undertaken by final year Biology students and led by Anthony Hilton, Professor of Microbiology at Aston University, monitored the transfer of the common bacteria from a variety of indoor floor types as carpet, cement floor to toast, pasta, biscuit and a sticky sweet when contact was made from 3 to 30 seconds. The results showed that: time is a significant factor in the transfer of bacteria from a floor surface to a piece of food, and the type of flooring the food has been dropped on has an effect, with bacteria least likely to transfer from carpeted surfaces and most likely to transfer from cement flooring surfaces to moist foods making contact for more than 5 seconds. Professor Hilton said, "Consuming food dropped on the floor still carries an infection risk as it very much depends on which bacteria are present on the floor at the time. "
The Aston team also carried out a survey of the number of people who employ the ‘five-second rule’. The survey showed that: 87% of the people surveyed said they would eat food dropped on the floor, or already have done so. 55% of those that would, or have eaten food dropped on the floor are women. 81% of the women who would eat food from the floor would follow the ‘5-second rule’. Professor Hilton added, "Our study showed that a surprisingly large majority of people are happy to consume dropped food, with women the most likely to do so. But they are also more likely to follow the ‘5-second rule, which our research has shown to be much than an old wives’ tale. "
12. According to the passage, which of the following is true?
A. A toast dropped on the carpet is easier to be polluted than that dropped on the cement floor.
B. A sticky chocolate dropped on the carpet is easier to be polluted than that dropped on the cement floor.
C. The food dropped on the carpet shares the same potential of being polluted with the food dropped on the cement floor.
D. The food dropped on the cement floor is not as safe as food dropped on the carpet within 30 seconds.
13. What is the passage probably developed?
A. Contrast  B. Example  C. Time   D. Space
14. How did Professor Hilton feel after analyzing how many people chose to eat dropped food?
A. Puzzled  B. Upset   C. Satisfied  D. Astonished
15. What is the main idea of this passage?
A. The food which is dropped on the floor can be eaten safely.
B. A research on the safety of food dropped on the floor is undertaken.
C. The bacteria have no negative effect on the safety of food.
D. People surveyed in the research are willing to accept the idea.

第二節(共5小題,每小題2分,滿分10分)
根據短文內容,從短文后的選項中選出能填入空白處的最佳選項。選項中有兩項為多余選項。
Ways to save time
We all wish we had just a bit more time. Just think what you could do with an extra hour or two each day: you could finally stick to an exercise routine, or spring-clean the house, or write your novel, or learn the guitar and so on.
   16   But I can help you find more hours in your day for the things that really matter.
 ★Get Out of Bed Earlier.
 If you normally get up at 7; 30 a. m. try getting up at 7:00 a. m. That half-hour might not sound like much, but it could be time that you use to exercise, to read that book you've been meaning to finish.   17  
 ★Do the Important Tasks First.
 Once you get to work, get the important ones done first(not the easy ones, or even the urgent ones).  18  If you work like this, you’ll usually save time. The urgent tasks will still get done, and you won't miss the important ones.
 ★Reduce Interruptions.
 If colleagues have a habit of hanging around your desk to chat, or if the phone is constantly ringing, you might find that it takes you half the day to finish a simple task like writing a letter.  19  
★   20 
A few minutes chatting, browsing the web, and so on, can easily turn into hours of wasted time over the course of a day. If you concentration is slipping, take a proper break: go and get a glass of water, or stretch your legs a bit. And if you’re facing a difficult task, try breaking it into small steps or stages so that it’s easier to deal with.
A. Stay Focused on Your Work.
B. Take Breaks When Necessary.
C. Would you want me to make your day longer?
D. I can’t magically make all your days 25 hours long.
E. Or simply to get your day off to a calm and organized start.
F. Constant interruptions don’t just eat up time, they also break your concentration.
G. You can afford to spend at least an hour working on big, important tasks rather than on all those little urgent ones.
第二部分 英語知識運用(由第一、二組成,滿分45分)
第一節 完形填空(共20小題;每小題1. 5分,滿分30分)
閱讀下面短文,從短文后各題所給的A、B、C和D四個選項中,選出可以填入空白處的最佳選項。
The cultures of the East and the West really distinguish from each other a lot. This is because the culture systems are two separate systems   21   .
The origin of the eastern cultures is mainly from two countries: China and India. Both of the two cultures are gestated(孕育) by    22  . In China, the mother river is the Yellow River  23  the Indian one is the Hindu River. These two cultures were   24    for several thousand years and formed their own styles Then in the Tang Dynasty of China, the Chinese culture   25  went overseas to Japan,  26   into the Japanese society and   27   
the Japanese culture nowadays. Though a bit different from the Chinese one, it  28   to the same system.
When the two mother rivers gave birth to the eastern culture, another famous culture was 29 on the Mesopotamian Plain(美索不達米亞平原)-the Mesopotamian Civilization. This civilization later on developed into the cultures of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. And these two are well-known as the   30  of the European culture.   31    the Chinese culture, the European one also   32   waters. When the colonists of England    33   in America, their culture went with them over, the Atlantic Ocean. So the American culture doesn't   34   from the European one a lot.
At the same time, the  35  of the language systems adds to the cultural differences. In the East, most languages belong to the pictographic (象形文字的) language while the Western languages are  36  based on the Latin system, for example, the one I’m using to write this paper
Other factors like human race difference  37   counts as well. However,  38  the far distance and the steep areas between the East and West, the two cultures seldom  39  until recent centuries.  40  , they grew up totally in their own ways with almost no-interference(干擾) from the other.
21. A. in all   B. above all  C. in no case  D. on the whole
22. A. rivers   B. lakes   C. mountains  D. plains
23. A. or    B. for   C. while   D. when
24. A. improved  B. developed  C. created   D. protected
25. A. gradually   B. naturally  C. suddenly  D. quietly
26. A. changed   B. mixed   C. decided  D. forced
27. A. expanded  B. interrupted  C. shaped   D. influenced
28. A. comes   B. belongs  C. amounts  D. adds
29. A. carried out  B. given out  C. brought up  D. picked up
30. A. base    B. sign   C. result   D. content
31. A. With   B. Like   C. Via   D. Except
32. A. crossed   B. formed   C. affected  D. spread
33. A. went up   B. joined up  C. settled down  D. broke down
34. A. differ   B. suffer   C. result   D. come
35. A. feature   B. development C. appearance  D. distinction
36. A. simply   B. mostly   C. properly  D. partly
37. A. count   B. reduce   C. last   D. change
38. A. in terns of  B. in case of  C. due to   D. as to
39. A. communicate  B. distinguish  C. transform  D. display
40. A. However   B. Furthermore  C. Meanwhile  D. Therefore
第二節(共10小題;每小題1. 5分,滿分15分)
閱讀下面短文,在空白處填入1個適當的單詞或括號內單詞的正確形式。
Rene Laennec was a French doctor who learned to tap on people’s chests to find out illness from an Austrian doctor named Leopold Auenbrugger. As a boy,Leopold used to tap wine  41  (contain) in his father’s inn to see how much wine they held. A full one made   42  different sound from an empty one. When he became a doctor,he   43  (tap) people’s chests to see how much liquid was in their lungs. Laennec did the same and learned to tell by tapping carefully on a chest  44 it was diseased or not. But he was even more interested   45  diseases of the heart,and he wished that he could hear heartbeats clearly. In those days,a doctor would place his head on a patient’s chest to listen,but if the patient was   46   (extreme) fat it was impossible to hear any heartbeat at all.
One day when Laennec   47  (walk) in the park,he saw some girls playing with a see-saw(蹺蹺板). One of them scratched the end of the board while the others placed their ears against the other end. On walking up,the doctor was asked why the sounds travelled along the wood. “The sounds are magnified(放大),girls,er…”Suddenly he turned and rushed back to the hospital. Quickly   48  (take) some thick paper,he rolled it up like a tube and began listening to patients’ chests. He heard the heartbeats and   49   (they) breathing clearly. Laennec soon made a better instrument of wood,one he called a stethoscope(聽診器). Later,they   50  (make) of steel and rubber.
第三部分 寫作(由第一、二節組成,滿分35分)
第一節 短文改錯(共10小題,每小題1分,滿分10分)
假定英語課上老師要求同桌之間交換修改作文,請你修改你同桌寫的以下作文。文中共有10處錯誤,每句中最多有兩處。錯誤涉及一個單詞的增加、刪除或修改。
增加:在缺詞處加一個漏字符號(∧),并在此符號下面寫出該加的詞。
刪除:把多余的詞用斜線(\)劃掉。
修改:在錯的詞下劃一橫線,并在該詞下面寫出修改后的詞。
注意:1. 每處錯誤及其修改均僅限一詞;
  2. 只允許修改10處,多者(從第11處起)不計分。
Today is my mum’s birthday. This afternoon, I went to the biggest shopping center downtown, and buy a present for her. Then I took the subway home. Sitting on the train, I thought my mum would very happy when she saw the present. At the next station, an old man, that carried two heavy bags, got on the train but stood in front of me. He looked tired. I hesitated for the moment, and then offered my seat to her. The old man thanked me a lot of and sat down. Seeing his smile,I felt happily.
 From this experience,I will be ready to helping others in the future.
第二節 書面表達(滿分25分)
假定你是李華。你收到了美國筆友彼得寄來的最新英文小說。請給他回信,內容包括:
1. 小說收到;
2. 回贈禮物;
3. 禮物意義;
4. 邀請來華。
注意:1. 詞數100左右;
  2. 可以適當增加細節,以使行文連貫。
Dear Peter,
                                                                                            
                                                                                                        
Best wishes.
Yours,
Li Hua


廣東省潮州市2017屆高三第二次模擬考試
英語試題答案
第一部分 閱讀理解(共兩節,滿分40分)
第一節 (共15小題;每小題2分,滿分30分)
1~3 CAD  4~7 DDCB  8~11 DDDB  12~15 DADB
第二節 (共5小題;每小題2分,滿分10分)
16~20 DEGFA
第二部分 英語知識運用 (共兩節,滿分45分)
第一節 完形填空(共20小題;每小題1. 5分,滿分30分)
21~25 DACBA   26~30 BCBCA   31~35 BACAD   36~40 BACAD
第二節(共10小題;每小題1. 5分,滿分15分)
41. containers   42. a     43. tapped   44. whether 45. in 
46. extremely   47. was walking   48. taking   49. their    50. were made
第三部分  寫作(共兩節,滿分35分)
第二節 短文改錯(共10小題;每小題1分,滿分10分)
Today is my mum’s birthday. This afternoon, I went to the biggest shopping center downtown, and buy a present
                                                                               bought
for her. Then I took the subway home. Sitting on the train, I thought my mum would ∧ very happy when she saw the
                                                                   be   
presents. At the next station, an old man, that carried two heavy bags, got on the train but stood in front of me. He
present                         who                                and        
looked tired. I hesitated for the moment, and then offered my seat to her. The old man thanked me a lot of and sat
                     a                               him                      去掉of   
down. Seeing his smile, I felt happily.                                    
                   happy
From this experience, I will be ready to helping others in the future.
                                help
書面表達(滿分25分)
Dear Peter,
I’m glad to receive the novel. Thank you for such a lovely gift as I have been expecting for a long time. This novel gives me some insights into American society and daily life.
I know you’re interested in Chinese festivals, and therefore I choose an album of paper cutting for you. Paper cutting is a unique form of Chinese cultural relics, which is often used as a decoration for a joyous atmosphere. I hope it will bring happiness and luck to your family as it always does in China.
Expecting you to come to China and experience the rich culture in person.
Best wishes.
Yours,
Li Hua

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