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take place, happen, occur, come about, break out用法辨析
| 文章來源:網絡整理 | 文章錄入:隨心飛揚 | 收集整理:嘉興英語教學網 | 更新時間:2016-6-12 |

這些詞或短語都有“發生”的意思,都不可以用于被動語態,但用法各不相同,區別如下:
take place 表示“發生”,一般指事件的發生一定有某種原因或事先的安排。通常指“(某事)按計劃進行或按計劃發生?!?BR>Great changes have taken place in our hometown during the past ten years.
此外還有“舉行”之意。
The concert takes place next Thursday.
 
happen 作“發生”解,常指具體事件的發生,特別指那些偶然的或未能預見的“發生”,一般用于偶然或突發性事件。
A storm happened across the river in another country.
此外還有“碰巧”之意。
I happened to see him on my way home.
= It happened that I saw him on my way home.
= It happened that I saw him on my way home.
 
occur 作“發生”解,其意義相當于 happen。
What has occurred? (= What has happened? )
A big earthquake occurred (= happened) in the south of China last month.
此外還有“想到、突然想起”之意。
It occurred to me that she didn't know I had moved into the new house.
溫馨提示:Sth. occur to sb./ it occur to sb. that…“某人突然想起…”
 
come about 表示“發生、產生”,多指事情已經發生了,但還不知道為什么,常用于疑問句和否定句。
When Mother woke up, she didn't know what had come about.
I'll never understand how it came about that you were late three times a week.
Do you know how the air accident came about?
 
break out 意思為“發生、爆發”,常指戰爭、災難、疾病或者爭吵等事件的發生。
A fire broke out in the hospital in the mid-night.
After the flood, diseases broke out here and there.

練習:
B  1. ____ is known to us all is that the 2008 Olympic Games will take place in Beijing.
    A. It         B. What       C. As      D. Which    08福建
A  2. Great changes have taken place in that school. It is no longer____ it was 20 years ago, ____ it was so poorly equipped.
    A. what; when    B. that; which    C. what; which       D. which; that  05安徽
D  3. Eliza remembers everything exactly as if it______ yesterday.
    A. was happening       B. happens    C. has happened        D. happened  06全國1
D  4. ---Tom is never late for work. Why is he absent today?
       --- Something ________ to him.
    A.must happen                  B.should have happened
    C.could have happened         D.must have happened  05江西
D  5. I don't know whether you happen___ , but I’m going to study in the U.S.A. this September .
    A.to be heard    B.to be hearing    C.to hear     D.to have heard   04遼寧
C  6. I _____ along the street looking for a place to park when the accident _______ .
    A. went; was occurring        B. went; occurred
    C. was going; occurred        D. was going; had occurred   06安徽
C  7. It never occurred to me _____ you could succeed in persuading him to change his mind.
    A. which       B. what     C. that    D. if    10陜西
A  8. I was still sleeping when the fire ___, and then it spread quickly.
    A. broke out   B. put out   C. came out   D. got out   06廣東
C  9. It's already 10 o'clock I wonder how it ____ that she was two hours late on such a short trip.
    A. came over     B. came o

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